FUNDAMENTALS OF DRAWING
FUNDAMENTALS OF DRAWING
Five Consecutive Thursdays
April 6, 13, 20, 27, May 4 from 1:00pm to 4:00pm
Instructor: Paul Brand
Drawing is mostly a mental activity. Drawing well depends on careful observation and techniques that are readily learned. This class will present the basics needed to draw well, with demonstrations, individual attention, and guided practice.
Paul will lead a demonstration of drawing a simple object by marking the direction of the centerline, height and width, and light direction and making careful observation of details to reveal individual character.
- Practice making lines by large arm movements without moving the wrist or hand
- Use a loose grip
- Vary width of line by varying pressure
- Make a shape with each pencil showing darkest to lightest value
- Shade with side of lead, not point
- Draw a simple object as one continuous line without lifting pencil from paper
- Run the pencil tip around the outline of an object in your vision
- Estimate height, width and angle of centerline
- Measure with fingernail and point of pencil
- Estimate angles with pencil
- Draw straight vertical lines by dropping the arm
- Practice drawing simple objects like oranges, apples, pears, boxes, paper towel rolls
Practice Drawing Light Direction and Shadows
- Create the appearance of 3 dimensions with light direction, cast shadows, form shadows, highlights and contour lines.
- Exercise: Draw objects with shadows; set up lamps to cast shadows of cubes and spheres on an uneven surface. Cast shadows reveal the form of the surface they lie on, form shadows show the shape of an object.
Learn the Bare Essentials of Perspective
Although many people are intimated by perspective, there are a few straightforward principles of perspective that are readily learned and very helpful.
- How to create the appearance of 3 dimensions using perspective.
- Eye level is the level of the viewer’s eyes
- Line of sight is line directly from viewer to horizon
- Lines above eye level descend toward eye level
- Lines below eye level rise toward eye level
- Parallel lines recede to the same vanishing point at eye level (which Is also the horizon)
Drawing with Charcoal
- Charcoal provides very rich darks, is easy to correct and widely used for artistic drawing
- Vine charcoal is soft and completely erasable; it is good for blending
- Compressed charcoal is used for more precise drawing; it is harder than vine charcoal and partly erasable
Drawing with Toned Paper
- Drawing on toned paper helps show light, medium and dark values. The tone of the paper serves as a middle value.
- Use white Conté crayon for light values, black for darks
Supplies To Bring or Buy:
- Mono pencils one each HB and 2B (sharpen the pencil with a long tip)
- Conté crayons white and black (one each)
- Kneaded eraser
- A few sticks of vine charcoal
- 11 X 14 hard cover spiral bound sketchbook
- Sandpaper for sharpening pencils and Conté crayons
Please register as soon as you plan on attending. Classes that don't reach the minimum number of students required will be canceled 48 hours before the first day of class. Last minute registrations are accepted if class minimum is met and space allows.